Tuesday, 2 April 2013

The Changing International Environment

Five major changes have taken place in the international arena during the past 20 years that have helped shape the present and future structure of the international job market:
  1. The communication revolution has increasingly created a sense of world community and familiarized more people with other peoples, societies, and cultures.

  2. Increased interdependency of national economies within the larger international economy results in the increased expansion of domestic business interests abroad and the development of multinational corporations.

  3. Continuing poverty, overpopulation, and environmental degradation in the Third and Fourth World countries of Africa, Asia, Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Latin America requires renewed development efforts to resolve national and regional development problems.
  4. The continuing expansion and contraction of the Cold War throughout the world; the collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist countries; and the diffusion of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons to numerous countries, some of which are in the Third World, requires new military, intelligence, and foreign policy initiatives.

  5. Internationalizing what used to be primarily domestic issues such as criminal activities attendant with the international production and distribution of illegal drugs and environmental problems such as global warming, acid rain, deforestation, water pollution, and hazardous waste disposal leads to new public policy initiatives closely tied to domestic policies.

Each of these developments has generated new job opportunities for individuals interested in communication, business, development, environmental, criminal justice, and war-related activities.

As we move through the 1990s with a restructured world order attendant with the collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist nations in Eastern Europe and the rise of new populist regimes, business and development work will become even more important in the decade ahead as ''Cold War careers" are replaced by new "post-Cold War careers" in the international arena. (Continue Reading)